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According to research, around 49% of countries enable their citizens to possess nationalities from two countries, including Spain, Turkey, and the US. However, not all countries permit dual citizenship. In fact, it is illegal in many countries to possess another nationality. Have you ever wondered if it’s possible to hold different nationalities in Canada simultaneously? Yes, it is indeed possible to hold dual citizenship in Canada. However, it is only possible when the governments of both countries have signed an agreement permitting it. Dual citizenship also offers various benefits, such as the freedom to reside in multiple countries and access social services depending on the nation’s policies. This blog will discuss everything about dual citizenship and how Canadians can maintain multiple nationalities.

Understanding Dual Citizenship in Canada 

Canada is one of the few countries that supports the concept of dual or multiple citizenship. This demonstrates that Canadian citizens can maintain their original nationality as well as other ones, just as citizens of different countries can become Canadians without relinquishing their original nationality. Dual citizenship enables individuals to engage with the social infrastructure of both nations, simplifies cross-border mobility, and provides legal entitlements to property ownership within both jurisdictions.

Dual or multiple citizenship may arise in different ways. The following are some of the scenarios that confirm that you may have more than one citizenship: 

  1. In those cases, when you were born in a country other than your parents 
  2. If your parents were born in or are a citizen of another country
  3. If you actively apply for citizenship of another country

It’s important to note that holding dual citizenship can also affect other aspects of your personal situation, including:

  1. Child abduction, parenting, or custody issues 
  2. Marrying someone from outside Canada

Ways to Acquire Dual Citizenship

The following methods enable Canadians to sustain their multiple nationalities effectively:

  • Birthright Citizenship 

If you are a Canadian born in a foreign nation that permits non-residents to acquire citizenship, you may qualify for dual citizenship under such provisions. Conversely, if you possess Canadian nationality and your parents originated from another country, you may be eligible to claim citizenship of that nation, contingent upon its legal statutes regarding citizenship by descent.

  • Naturalization

Naturalization is the legal mechanism whereby an individual, typically a permanent resident within a nation for a prescribed duration, may secure citizenship. In such cases, Canadian citizens must fulfill the residency requirements in another country and may obtain their citizenship. However, such a process can be complex and often time-consuming, so double-check the requirements of your country of residence if you wish to acquire a second citizenship through naturalization.

  • Marriage 

Various countries offer fast-track permanent resident status to individuals who have married a citizen of that country, which speeds up the time to the citizenship process. For instance, Canada enables a spousal sponsorship program, which helps in providing automatic permanent resident status for the foreign spouse. 

Advantages of Dual Citizenship for Canadians

  • Educational and Healthcare Accessibility

Dual nationals can benefit from access to superior educational and healthcare systems in two countries. This access can be especially advantageous if one country offers higher quality or more cost-effective services.

  • Cultural Integration and Preservation

Holding citizenship in multiple countries allows individuals to legally embed themselves within and actively participate in the cultural practices of both nations. This dual engagement facilitates a deeper connection to both heritages, promoting cultural preservation and personal identity enrichment. 

  • Travel Facilitation

Dual citizenship significantly optimizes international mobility. Individuals possessing passports from multiple nations often benefit from the legal entitlements of visa-free access and indefinite residence within those countries. This legal framework improves the ease of transit and increases the frequency of cross-border travel, supported by international treaties and national immigration laws.

  • Enhanced Employment Prospects

Dual citizenship expands the scope of employment opportunities available to an individual. Legally, certain positions, especially within governmental bodies or those necessitating security clearances, require citizenship status of the employing country. Dual nationals inherently satisfy these legal prerequisites, gaining a competitive edge in the job market and access to a broader array of career opportunities.


Dual citizenship presents Canadians with significant advantages such as enhanced travel flexibility, expanded employment opportunities, and access to multiple countries’ social services. While navigating dual citizenship involves understanding and managing the legal frameworks of involved nations, it ultimately offers Canadians the opportunity to enrich their global engagement and personal growth. 

Navigating the complexities of dual citizenship can be streamlined with expert advice from Citizenship Lawyer. With years of experience and a team of professionals, we are equipped to assist you with your legal issues. Ready to explore the benefits of dual citizenship? Schedule your consultation with Citizenship Lawyer today.